With 75 hectares of vineyards, the wine-growing community of Assmannshausen has the largest contiguous area of Pinot Noir in Germany. Among its best-known sites are the Assmannshausener Höllenberg and Hinterkirch. For many centuries, the cultivation of the demanding Pinot Noir vines has been considered a tradition in the community of the Lower Rhinegau. The medium and deep slate phyllite soils have a high skeletal content. Their water permeability and ability to store heat is optimal for the cultivation of complex red wines.